Ramadan is the 9th month in the Islamic calendar. In Islam, it is considered a month of fasting, after which a festival of breaking the fast is celebrated. Every year the date of Ramadan shifts by two weeks. This year Ramadan is in the period from May 5 to June 4, 2019. During Ramadan, there is a very special daily routine for many families, as there is no eating and drinking from sunrise to sunset. Therefore, we get up early and have a plentiful breakfast before sunrise. In the evening, after dark, the whole family gathers to feast. There are only treats on the table.
Fasting is understood as a sacred duty of Muslims. In the time of fasting, they pray especially much to be close to their God Allah and to reflect. They think about their life and behavior. By starving and thirsty during the day, they make themselves aware every year that it is not a matter of course to have enough to eat and drink. In the days rules apply, such as being especially nice to each other and doing good deeds. Ramadan ends with a big feast with especially delicious food. In Turkey, the “Sugar Festival” is celebrated. Here all children are presented with a lot of sweets. Ramadan is comparable to the Fasting period before Easter in Christianity.
Ramadan commemorates the time when the Archangel Gabriel revealed the Koran to the Prophet Muhammad. It is considered a particularly sacred time and is the month in which God speaks to people and believers have the opportunity to deal intensively with their faith. Fasting during Ramadan is one of the so-called five pillars of Islam. They are the most important rules of the Islamic faith and the main duties of a Muslim. These five pillars are:
Public profession of faith
The social duty levy
The pilgrimage to Mecca
According to Islamic tradition, the Prophet Muhammad was the first Muslim to fast during Ramadan. He serves as an example for Muslims; fasting symbolizes the attachment of the believer to his Creator. During Lent, the body and soul should be cleansed. But community and solidarity with the weak and poor is also particularly important this month.
What is Ramadan and why is it celebrated?
What are the Ramadan rules?
Why do Muslims to Ramadan?
What can you eat for Ramadan?