What is PCOS | What County

What is PCOS

Irregular menstruation, increased body hair, oily skin and acne: polycystic ovary syndrome (PCO) causes numerous symptoms that those affected often find very distressing. The disease is not curable. However, many of the complaints can be well controlled.

What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome, abbreviated as polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS, is a hormonal disorder that can occur in women of reproductive age. The ovaries in women with polycystic ovary are often surrounded by many small cysts lined up like a pearl string. The syndrome owes its name to them: “poly” is the name of many, “ovary” is the technical term for the ovary.

What is PCOS
What is PCOS
PCOS
PCOS

The cysts are incompletely matured follicles: usually one follicle bursts every month and releases an egg cell for fertilization (ovulation). However, hormonal disorders can cause the follicles to not mature enough and ovulation will not occur. The immature follicles then accumulate in the marginal area of the ovaries.

Especially in English-speaking countries, polycystic ovary syndrome is often abbreviated to “PCOS”. Also, specialists sometimes speak of the “polycystic ovary syndrome”.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is very common: almost every tenth woman of childbearing age is affected by it. Most of them go to the doctor because their menstrual periods no longer start with the usual regularity, they notice increased hair growth on the body and face and/ or their skin is affected by acne. All of these are typical PCOS symptoms.

The cycle disorders and the complaints are not dangerous at first. However, the hormonal changes that underlie these symptoms are often accompanied by significant health problems: many women with PCO are infertile. More than half of those affected have obesity and metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus.

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