Multiple sclerosis (MS for short) is a chronic inflammatory neurological disease that affects the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Symptoms of the disease arise, on the one hand, as a result of damage to the nerve insulating layer (demyelination), and on the other hand, the breakdown of nerve fibers and cells.
The disease proceeds unpredictably and very individually, the course can take a different form over the years. While the symptoms disappear at least partially in the relapsing course, the intensification of the symptoms progresses slowly in the primary and secondary progressive course.
MS is not curable, but the course of the disease can be slowed down and weakened by medication.
To date, the cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. However, it is believed that it is a misreaction of the body’s defense system, that is, an autoimmune disease. In addition, certain viruses, hereditary factors, environmental factors or geographical features are also likely to play a role.