MDMA and its derivatives have a neurobiological effect through the increased release of the messenger serotonin and the inhibition of reuptake. How the effect is experienced depends on many factors such as the environment, the mood or the expectations of the consumers.
After taking MDMA, the pulse quickens and the pupils dilate. MDMA initially has only a slight euphoric effect 30 to 40 minutes after oral administration, then this euphoria increases steadily over the course of the substance’s effect. The main effects are an intensification of one’s own sensations (entactogenic), as well as easier access to other people’s feelings (empathogenic). The positive effects of the drug are often also mentioned by users as relaxation, feelings of happiness, satisfaction, willingness to help and increased alertness.
Depending on the composition of the drugs and the dose taken, when taking MDMA and its related substances, the stimulating, hallucinogenic or introspection and sensuality-enhancing components of action predominate. The effect generally lasts between four and six hours. Detection of MDMA and its metabolites is possible in the blood serum for at least 24 hours, in the urine for up to three days and in the hair for several months.
MDMA (3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine) has been known since the 80s under the name “ecstasy” as a synthetic party drug. Ecstasy usually has the form of colorful pills with different logos. Less commonly, it is traded in crystalline form, as a powder or in capsules. Pills sold as ecstasy sometimes contain other psychoactively active substances, e.g. the hallucinogen 2C-B. The active substance content of the pills also varies greatly. Users of MDMA are therefore advised to pay attention to warnings about ecstasy pills and to use drug checking offers.
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