What is LSD | What County

What is LSD

Lysergide (LSD) is a semi-synthetic hallucinogen and one of the most powerful drugs known. Recreational use became popular between the 1960s and 1980s, but is less common today. It is generally assumed that LSD is predominantly produced outside Europe; however, the preparation of dosage units by dipping or dripping on sheets of paper is more common. These pieces of paper are usually colorfully printed with cartoon characters, geometric and abstract motifs. LSD is related to other substituted tryptamines and is subject to international control.

What is LSD
What is LSD
LSD
LSD

Chemistry
The international non-proprietary name (INN) is (+)-lysergide. The abbreviation LSD is derived from lysergic acid diethylamide (CAS No. 50-37-3). Lysergide belongs to a group of indole alkylamines, which include numerous substituted tryptamines such as psilocin (found in “magic mushrooms”) and N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT). The IUPAC name for LSD is 9,10-Didehydro-N,N-diethyl-6-methylergoline-8β-carboxamide. The (R) stereoisomer is more effective than the (S) isomer.

LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) was discovered in 1943 by the Basel chemist Albert Hofmann. He had discovered the hallucinogenic effect of lysergic acid diethylamide by chance through a self-experiment. Lysergic acid is an active ingredient of ergot, a fungus that grows on cereals in wet weather during the flowering period. In addition to lysergic acid, it forms some toxic alkaloids, which, however, are partially medicinally effective. Today, LSD is produced fully synthetically.

For several years, attempts were made to use the mind-expanding effect of LSD in psychotherapy in a targeted manner. While the “legal” production of LSD was discontinued in 1966 after it was classified as a dangerous intoxicant in numerous American states and finally banned, the hippie scene used the drug more often.

“Scene synonyms” for LSD are “Acid”, “Mini Trip”, “Comic Trip”. The trade in LSD is prohibited under the Narcotics Act.

A study on the drug affinity of adolescents commissioned by the Federal Center for Health Education in 2011 found that 1.0% of 12- to 17-year-olds had used an illegal drug other than cannabis in the year before the survey. 0.1% of respondents aged 12 to 17 years and 0.3% of 18-25 year olds had used LSD in the past 12 months.

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