What is Ketamine | What County

What is Ketamine

Ketamine is used in anesthetic medicine and pain treatment. The active substance differs significantly in its action from other anesthetics, which is beneficial in certain situations. For example, it increases blood pressure and heart rate. Furthermore, ketamine has a strong antidepressant effect and is therefore used for therapy-resistant depression. Here you can read everything important about ketamine: effect, applications and side effects!

What is Ketamine
What is Ketamine
Ketamine
Ketamine

Ketamine is an anesthetic that is mainly used in veterinary medicine and, under certain conditions, also in humans. It can greatly reduce the sensation of pain and provoke loss of consciousness.

History

Ketamine was first synthesized in 1962. A pharmaceutical company was looking for an anesthetic that would not affect heart rate and breathing. As a result, painless operations without ventilators should be possible.

One substance that was previously supposed to fulfill this purpose was phencyclidine (PCP). However, PCP had to be withdrawn from the market due to massive hallucinogenic side effects. The newly developed ketamine is structurally related to PCP and has similar but attenuated side effects compared to PCP. Patients experience hallucinations, are disoriented or have delusions after waking up from ketamine anesthesia. Due to these side effects, the use of ketamine is usually limited to emergency medicine and usually in combination with a benzodiazepine.

Due to its special properties, ketamine was one of the most important anesthetics for US soldiers during the Vietnam War. Today, it is used in particular in countries and situations where the necessary technical equipment for other anesthesia is not available. That is why the World Health Organization (WHO) lists ketamine on the list of indispensable medicines.

Precisely because of its hallucinogenic side effects, ketamine is also abused as an intoxicating drug. The first reports date from the 1970s. On the illegal market, it is traded as Special K, vitamin K, Kate or K.

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