Hypertension (technical term: hypertension) is a disease of the cardiovascular system. Especially in the industrialized nations, increased blood pressure is widespread. If one takes into account the blood pressure values of the over 55-year-olds, on average every second person in Germany is affected by high pressure. For example, in 2010, it was estimated that about 31% of adults worldwide had hypertension, of which only about 14% had blood pressure values of < 140/90 mmHg.
The risk of hypertension increases with increasing age. However, high blood pressure can also occur in young people. Especially due to overweight and lack of exercise, the number of affected children and adolescents has been steadily increasing in recent years.
At first, hypertension does not make any complaints. Therefore, at first the sufferers do not even notice him. Only in the course of time, four out of five people know about their illness. The dangerous thing about unrecognized hypertension, however, is that with a permanently too high blood pressure, the risk of damage to vital organs such as the heart, brain, kidneys and eyes increases. Heart attack, arrhythmia, cardiac insufficiency (heart failure), stroke, kidney weakness or loss of vision are among the possible consequences.
Almost half of all deaths in Germany are due to diseases of the cardiovascular system, hypertension is usually involved as one of the most important risk factors. This is one of the reasons why preventive measures are so important. If high blood pressure is detected and reduced in time, the development of secondary diseases can be prevented or at least delayed and life expectancy can be significantly increased.
Hypertension, also called hypertension, is a disease from which sufferers often do not feel anything for a long time. Nevertheless, permanently elevated blood pressure can have serious consequences. Find out here what exactly hypertension is, how the disease can develop and progress, what possible complaints are and whether it is possible to prevent hypertension.
With each heartbeat, blood is pumped through our body. The blood exerts a certain pressure on the blood vessels from the inside. This pressure is also called blood pressure. A normal blood pressure is important, because only then can the blood flow through our body and supply organs and tissues with nutrients and oxygen.
When talking about hypertension or hypertension, as a rule, arterial hypertension is meant. The blood pressure in the blood vessels leading away from the heart, the arteries, is permanently increased.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury, mmHg for short. One speaks of high blood pressure or hypertension in the adult when
the upper (systolic) blood pressure values of 140 mmHg or higher and/or
the lower (diastolic) blood pressure assumes values of 90 mmHg or higher.
Colloquially, in the case of blood pressure data, both values, the systolic and the diastolic blood pressure value, are briefly summarized as a ratio. For example, they say: “Blood pressure is 140 to 90.” For written documentation of blood pressure, the short form “140/90 mmHg” is usually used.
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