Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, which can have a variety of causes. So, among other things, infections, but also medicines and alcohol can be behind it. Other common forms of hepatitis are autoimmune hepatitis, which is based on a disruption of the body’s defenses, and non-alcoholic fatty liver hepatitis (NASH), in the development of which overweight and an unhealthy diet play a role. The first indication of liver inflammation is often elevated liver values in the blood. Sometimes there is also jaundice. Treatment depends on the causes.
The term “hepatitis” denotes inflammation of the liver. It is derived from the Greek word hepar = liver. Colloquially, hepatitis is also called jaundice. This is due to the most noticeable, but not always present symptom of inflammation of the liver: a yellowing of the skin and the white parts of the eyeball. Inflammation of the liver damages the cells of the liver and can have many different causes. Among the most common are:
Viruses (viral hepatitis, accompanying hepatitis in viral diseases such as Pfeiffer’s glandular fever)
Alcohol (fatty liver hepatitis in chronic alcohol abuse)
Sugar and fat metabolism disorders in overweight (“NASH”= non-alcoholic fatty liver hepatitis)
Autoimmune diseases (for example, autoimmune hepatitis)
Which symptoms hepatitis causes, how it proceeds and which therapy is necessary depends very much on its cause. Basically, an acute hepatitis is distinguished from a chronic one. Chronic hepatitis is present if the inflammation persists for more than six months.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. This can be caused by viruses, poisons, medications or autoimmune diseases. Physicians distinguish different forms of hepatitis depending on the cause, duration and fine-tissue characteristics. Read more about the symptoms, causes and treatment of liver inflammation and find out how you can prevent hepatitis!
Hepatitis: what is it?
Hepatitis is the medical term for inflammation of the liver. This is a defensive reaction of the body’s own immune system, among other things, against infectious agents or substances toxic to the liver. Disorders of the blood flow in the liver or autoimmune diseases, in which the immune system is directed against liver cells or cells of the bile ducts, can also be causes. The most common are alcoholic hepatitis, virus-related hepatitis (hepatitis A-E) and non-alcoholic fatty liver hepatitis (NASH).
The classification of hepatitis diseases can be carried out according to the cause. A distinction is also made between an acute or chronic course. For the prevention of infectious inflammation of the liver, knowledge of the route of transmission is of particular importance.
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What are the symptoms of hepatitis?
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