Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV is transmitted through blood, for example, when using drugs. Hepatitis C is often chronic, but can almost always be cured in a maximum of three months. Without treatment, hepatitis C can lead to liver failure or liver cancer.
The most important thing about hepatitis C in a nutshell
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is transmitted through blood. This happens mainly during drug use (through shared injection cutlery and accessories), less often during sex.
Hepatitis C usually becomes chronic and can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer without treatment.
A hepatitis C infection can be cured in about 95% of cases, the treatment is well tolerated and usually only lasts a maximum of three months .
There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.
After undergoing hepatitis C or a successful treatment, you can get infected again and again.
Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver caused by viruses. In contrast to hepatitis A and hepatitis B, it very often takes a chronic, i.e. permanently persistent course.
Hepatitis C often causes little or no symptoms. Many people therefore do not even realize that they have been infected with hepatitis C and pass on the infection without knowing it.
If you notice one or more of the following signs of the disease, you should be examined:
Loss of appetite
Headache and body aches
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Only in a few people there is a so-called jaundice with yellowing of the skin and conjunctiva, dark urine, discolored stools and severe itching.
Most often, these symptoms appear three weeks to six months after infection. But let yourself be examined even if your complaints get better by themselves or even disappear altogether. Because a hepatitis C infection rarely cures on its own. In three quarters of all cases, it becomes chronic without treatment and initially does not cause any discomfort. However, the viruses damage the liver, so severe consequences, such as cirrhosis and liver cell cancer, can develop after a few years.