What is Edema | What County

What is Edema

Edema is a swelling caused by fluid accumulation. Edema can develop all over the body or occur regionally limited. Especially common are edema on the legs and ankles, for example, in the heat or after standing for a long time. Also, serious diseases can be accompanied by swelling, such as heart failure or kidney disease.

What is Edema
What is Edema

The skin is swollen, joints ache, and clothes suddenly sit too tight – typical signs of fluid accumulated in the tissues, medically called edema. Although edema itself is not a serious disease, it can be an important indication of it.

Edema then appears when fluid comes out of vessels and accumulates in the surrounding tissues. Colloquially, this is also called “dropsy”. In addition to water, the liquid also contains proteins.

The term “edema” denotes a “swelling”. As a swelling, it can occur in almost all parts of the body. With edema on the leg, fluid accumulates in the tissues and causes the leg to swell. Swelling on the arms or legs is called “peripheral edema”.

Arm or leg feels heavy and swollen
Arm or leg look swollen
Dents are formed when pressing on the skin
The skin in the area of edema is warm and taut
Joints in the affected area are less able to move
Feeling of tension or even pain in the affected area

The term edema comes from the Greek: “oidema” means swelling or swelling. Edema is an accumulation of watery fluid in the tissues of the body, which leads to swelling of the affected tissues. They can be limited to certain parts of the body (e.g. around the ankles) or spread over the entire body. Edema formation is also called dropsy.

Edema can arise for completely different reasons. Diseases that can lead to edema are, for example, heart or kidney weakness, impaired outflow of venous blood in the legs, protein deficiency, disorders of lymph outflow or allergic diseases. Either too much tissue fluid accumulates, or its removal is more difficult and the fluid accumulates.

Medications can also cause edema, for example, preparations for hypertension (calcium antagonists), painkillers (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), cortisone preparations or drugs for depression (antidepressants).

Edema can also occur in healthy people: in some women, fluid accumulates in the face, hands and breasts or on the entire body in the tissues shortly before the menstrual period. This premenstrual edema often occurs as part of premenstrual syndrome. In people who stand or sit for a long time, fluid can accumulate in the area of the shins after a while. These edemas regress on their own after a while.

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