COPD is the abbreviation of the English-language collective name for respiratory diseases “chronic obstructive pulmonary disease”. “Obstructive”, which means “inhibitory” or “constricting”, is the central identification sign of the diseases: the airways are inflamed and / or permanently narrowed.
Anyone who suffers from COPD has breathing problems – when inhaling, exhaling, or both. The most common diseases summarized under the term COPD are the so-called chronic obstructive bronchitis and emphysema of the lungs. In chronic obstructive bronchitis, the self-cleaning system of the lungs is permanently disrupted. This not only leads to an excruciating cough stimulus, but sooner or later also to infections, because bacteria or viruses are also no longer transported naturally from the lungs. With emphysema of the lungs, there is an inflammatory change in the lung tissue. Exhausted air can be poorly exhaled, and as a result, less fresh air also flows into the lungs. As a result, the lungs can over-inflate, the air exchange is permanently disrupted, and the inhaled oxygen can no longer fully enter the blood.
The international technical term “COPD” is an abbreviation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and refers to chronic obstructive bronchitis (COB) with or without emphysema of the lungs. “Obstructive” stands for a narrowing of the respiratory tract – both clinical pictures are characterized by the fact that the air flow is obstructed, especially on exhalation. The abbreviation COPD thus serves as a collective term for the two chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases COB and emphysema. Smoking is the leading cause of COPD.
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Is COPD a life threatening?
Can COPD cured?