Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the large intestine, in which ulcers can form in the intestinal mucosa. It causes severe abdominal pain and diarrhea. The term “colitis” is composed of the Greek term “colon” (=large intestine) and the word ending “itis” (inflammation), which also comes from the Greek. The term “ulcerosa” comes from the Latin term “ulcer” (=ulcer).
Ulcerative colitis begins at the end of the intestine in the rectum and spreads continuously towards the stomach. So, either only the rectum, parts of the colon, or the entire large intestine can be affected. Rarely, the last piece of the small intestine also becomes inflamed. Ulcerative colitis usually proceeds in stages, that is, the intestinal mucosa is inflamed in phases and then recovers. When and how often such an inflammatory flare-up occurs varies greatly from patient to patient. Ulcerative colitis is initially treated with medication. If the drugs no longer help or complications arise, it may be necessary to remove the entire large intestine in one operation.
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. It is typical that it often runs in relapses and disease phases alternate with symptom-free periods with inflammation relapses. Ulcerative colitis affects only the large intestine and remains confined to the top layer of the intestinal wall, namely the intestinal mucosa. “Ulcers” are formed there, that is, wounds and shallow defects in the mucous membrane. The Latin term “ulcer” means “ulcer”, while “colitis” stands for inflammation of the large intestine (colon). That’s why ulcerative colitis got its name.
Ulcerative colitis always begins in the last section of the large intestine, the rectum or rectum (rectum) and is worst there. From there, it can spread to other areas of the large intestine to varying degrees. In severe cases, it can even capture the entire large intestine.
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What is colitis and what are the signs?
Is colitis a serious disease?
What happens when you have colitis?