Although the method of preparation is essentially pre-Columbian, ingredients that arrived on the American continent with the Europeans are used. This also applies to the ingredients used in the preparation. It should be noted that similar cooking methods are used in many other parts of the world.
It is in the center of Mexico (in the territories of the states of Hidalgo, Tlaxcalay, Mexico), where the method is considered traditional and the most widespread.Residents of the state of Hidalgo consider it their traditional dish. Today we can talk about a local industry obtained from the preparation of these foods, which is appreciated by both locals and foreigners, served in local restaurants, as well as in neighboring states.To prepare the barbecue, it is necessary to dig a well about one and a half meters deep into the ground. This should be covered with a layer of stones (preferably from the bed of a watercourse), which should be heated the day before. The selected meat, preferably a young ram (along with some parts of entrails, in some recipes), should be lightly seasoned and is usually wrapped in magic pencils. The well is also covered with agave leaves, which serve as an insulator and give the meat its characteristic taste. A container is placed on the stone bed, in which the juice that the meat gives off during cooking is collected (this juice is called consommé). The entire furnace is covered, usually with the same leaves, with stones and, finally, with a layer of earth. A fire is lit above the stove, in which various materials are used (usually logs of ocote, various cacti and dried zacate, and even charcoal) and left to boil for about 12 hours.
Traditionally, barbacoa is a preparation of meat (usually sheep, goat or beef), stewed in an underground oven until very tender and juicy. Today, the term is also sometimes used for a similar preparation, which is prepared on a stove or in a slow cooker.
Our English term barbecue comes from the Caribbean Indian word barbacoa , but despite their common origin, these two words do not denote the same thing.
At the barbecue, cooking is done over the grill, while at the barbacoa steam is baked.
What kind of meat is a barbacoa?
What cut of cow is barbacoa?
Is barbacoa a cow tongue?
What is barbacoa in Chipotle?