Fear is the feeling of “eeriness” and “exposure” in the world. Often anxiety is accompanied by mental disorders. But it is also useful: without fear, people would not have been able to survive in the past.
What it means anxiety?
Even today, fear still warns us about risks. For example, the “second of fright” is the moment when we decide how to behave in a particular situation.
The word “fear” is derived from the Greek verb “agchein” and the Latin “angere”. Both translated mean “choking”, “constricting the throat”. Through psychoanalysis and existential philosophy, the German word has become internationally established, for example in English as “fear”. While fear is clearly oriented towards an external danger, fear is considered indefinite.
In psychology, a distinction is made between anxiety as a state (state anxiety) and anxiety as a trait (trait anxiety). While the state anxiety is a temporary emotion as a result of a real danger, the “trait anxiety” leads to situations being assessed as dangerous even without an acute threat.
Fear manifests itself physically, among other things, by pulse acceleration, dilation of the pupils and rings of the hands; psychologically, it acts as a feeling of horror and hopelessness.
But fear is not only a paralyzing, but also a mobilizing emotion. Thus, people who are afraid of an impending danger are sometimes capable of achievements that would not have been possible for them under normal circumstances.
In risky or perceived as risky situations, the adrenal glands secrete the hormones adrenaline and norepinephrine. The heart then beats faster and the blood binds more oxygen. The body is thus better able to defend itself or to flee. It’s not for nothing that there is a saying that fear gives wings.
Fear is a very strong feeling that all people and many species of animals know. You feel fear when you feel threatened, when you think that something bad could happen to you. Sometimes a real threat is nearby, for example, when encountering a dangerous animal. It is also said that one is afraid of the animal.
But you can also be afraid if you are just in a situation where something bad could happen. If you have to cross a dark tunnel, perhaps there is nothing threatening yet. But one suspects: something could happen.
Most often it is very unpleasant to be afraid. When you are afraid, you feel strong changes in the body: you begin to sweat, blood pressure rises, breathing and heartbeat become faster, and the pupils dilate. In addition, the muscles tighten. Sometimes you get nauseous or you even piss your pants.
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