What is a Pap Smear | What County

What is a Pap Smear

The Pap test is named after the American-Greek physician Dr. George Papanicolaou, who developed this microscopic test back in 1928. The test is performed by the gynecologist at the annual examination for early detection of cervical cancer. For this, the doctor takes a cell swab from the external cervix, as well as from the cervical canal. In the laboratory, this smear is stained and examined for cell changes under a microscope. We are looking for cell changes that can give indications of diseases. On the basis of the cell image, the smears are divided into degrees of severity from Pap I (= no abnormality) to Pap V (= suspected cervical cancer).

What is a Pap Smear
What is a Pap Smear
Pap Smear
Pap Smear

If abnormalities are detected, the gynecologist contacts the patient and discusses the further procedure with her.

The Pap test is an early detection examination for cervical cancer. For this, a smear is taken at the gynecologist. Subsequently, individual cells taken are examined, which is why the Pap test is also called a cytological smear. Read here all about the Pap smear, how it is done and what results it gives.

A cervical smear takes cells from the surface of the cervix, the vaginal portion of the cervix. A cervical smear, on the other hand, is done in the lower part of the cervical canal. The smear is used to take samples for diagnostics in gynecology.

For this purpose, the examining doctor unfolds the vagina with an inserted speculum in order to get a clear view of the cervix and to be able to take the gynecological smear.
A cervical smear is mainly used for the early detection of cervical cancer as part of the annual genital examination for women.

In exceptional cases, a smear on the cervix may cause slight spotting. However, these bleedings are usually harmless and subside independently after a short time. In rare cases, it is necessary to repeat the smear, because the material obtained was not informative enough.

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