In adults, the pulse at rest is about 60-80 beats per minute. It can vary depending on the weather and time of day and be lower or higher. Athletes, for example, often have a lower resting pulse, because their heart is trained in such a way that it can pump more blood into the main artery with one stroke. Medications and heart disease can also be another cause of a low resting pulse. Depending on the state of training of one’s own heart and what complaints or heart diseases are present, a resting pulse of less than 40 is considered too low. It becomes dangerous for the body if other symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath or fainting occur in addition to the low pulse.
A high pulse, also called tachycardia, can be caused by caffeine, stress or various diseases. For example, the resting pulse increases with fever and certain thyroid diseases. Since a high pulse can also be a warning signal for a heart rhythm disorder, the German Heart Foundation recommends regularly measuring the pulse. “It is important to clarify whether the pulse is permanently too high. However, a resting pulse of over 100 should always be checked by a doctor, “ advises the heart specialist of the German Heart Foundation Prof. Dr. med. Thomas Meinertz. However, the heartbeat per minute is also age- and gender-dependent. In women, the pulse is usually slightly faster than in men. Normal values of the resting pulse are:
Newborn babies: 120 to 140
Infants: 100 to 120
In older children and adolescents, the resting pulse is about 80 to 100
Adulthood: 60 to 80 (in seniors, the resting pulse may increase slightly again)
PD Dr. med. Richard Kobza, Chief Physician Cardiology, Heart Center
Our heart pumps blood throughout the body, supplying organs, tissues and cells with oxygen and nutrients. The resting pulse indicates how many times the heart beats per minute at rest. With a healthy heart, the organism regulates the resting pulse in such a way that the body is sufficiently supplied with blood at rest. As soon as you move, the pulse also increases, because then the body needs to pump more blood into the working muscles.
On average, the resting pulse of a healthy adult is from 60 to 90 beats per minute, we are talking about the normal sinus rhythm. In highly trained endurance athletes, the resting pulse is significantly lower. Your heart may only beat 35 to 50 times a minute. Reason: the heart of an athlete is able to pump more blood through the body with a heartbeat than a little trained heart.
Many different factors can influence the resting pulse, for example pain, hormones, infections, stress and stimulants such as caffeine or nicotine. Pregnant women also have a higher pulse. You need this so that the baby can be adequately supplied with blood.
In fact, in mammals there is an “inverse relationship” between heart rate and life expectancy. On the other hand, the question of whether human life can be prolonged by slowing the heart remains controversial. With a resting pulse of 85 to 90 as you describe it, there is no increased risk.
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