The metaphor is a rhetorical device that you have probably encountered many times in everyday life. When someone is in love, you say: “He is floating on cloud nine!” or “He sees everything through the rose-colored glasses.“ Of course, you know that he is neither in heaven, nor really wears glasses. Rather, in a figurative sense, these phrases stand for being in love: a person in love has a changed worldview just as much as someone who sees everything through tinted glasses.
This is how the metaphor works: one expression is transferred from its original context of meaning to another. This creates a new meaning. The metaphor thus creates an image in front of the inner eye of the reader. Metaphors are therefore also referred to as “linguistic images”.
A metaphor is a linguistic image. In German poetry, drama and epic, it is one of the most popular and widespread rhetorical stylistic devices. This stylistic figure of the German language is often about the “figurativeness” of facts. Circumstances are thus represented figuratively. Image and expression are connected with each other by special properties.